The English philosopher, John Stuart Mill (1806 –1873) writes in his book analysing freedom:
In the world of lively human beings, progress demands freedom of expression, without which progress is itself not possible.
The result of progress is called civilisation in our time. Civilisation is the general conception that, all professions, subjects, powers of state, tranquillity of the nation, and conditions of culture have been summed up by its substance. But does this progress find opportunities to develop, if individuals in society will not be prudent in their thoughts; saying whatever they want and doing whatever they please? And if his word, or work, has been accepted by other individuals in a common society, yet others will affirm this idea after thinking about it and thereby profit from it; if they do not agree, such persons will only prove their incapacities. Continue reading
Mirze Alekber Sabir
(Shamakhi 30.05.1862 – Shamakhi 15.07.1911)
During his life, Mirze Alekber Sabir made and sold soap to earn a living. However, he was the founder of humourous poetry and revolutionary satire in Azerbaijan, as well as in Near Eastern Literature. His radically democratic poetry, with its social realism, nationalistic character, and modernist outlook, played a big part in the progress of Azeri culture and political thought. Indeed, Alekber Tahirzade from the region of Shirvan came to hold positions of honour after his death. Sabir was his nickname meaning “patience” or “patiently”. This is telling, when we remember that his father was a devote muslim, who had a little grocer shop in Shamakhi city, and wanted his son to be a confessor. That’s why, he sent the young Sabir to an ecclesiastical Moslem school, when he was eight. Now, the first duty of pupils at this school was to learn reading the Koran. Yet, he hadn’t finished reading the Koran, before he learned writing. Due to this, he was badly beaten by his mullah.